Can tortoises get metabolic bone disease?

Metabolic bone disease (MBD), also known as nutritional secondary hyperparathyroidism (NSHP), can be a common aliment of pet tortoises. This is due to a lack of calcium in the diet or a problem absorbing dietary calcium.

How do you treat an mbd in tortoise?

Treatment of MBD depends on the severity of the disease. For very mild cases, a switch to a balanced diet and proper husbandry may be enough. Severe cases require intensive calcium and vitamin supplementation as well as an increase in high-intensity UVB rays under an exotics veterinarian’s care.

What causes metabolic bone disease in tortoises?

MBD is the result of a calcium/phosphorous imbalance in the body which causes a weakening of the skeletal structure as well as the carapace and plastron of turtles and tortoises. In more advance cases this can lead to repeated tremors, severe weakness, and bone fractures.

Can metabolic bone disease in reptiles be reversed?

MBD most commonly occurs in lizards and chelonians but can affect snakes too. If left untreated, it is usually fatal, either directly or indirectly. Catching MBD early is key to ensuring that the animal survives and that less permanent damage is done as many of the effects of MBD are non-reversible.

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What are Metabolic Bone Diseases?

Metabolic bone diseases are disorders of bone strength usually caused by abnormalities of minerals (such as calcium or phosphorus), vitamin D, bone mass or bone structure, with osteoporosis being the most common.

Is metabolic bone disease painful?

In clinical terms, metabolic bone diseases may result in bone pain and loss of height (due to compression of vertebrae), and they predispose patients to fractures. Metabolic diseases of bone often affect bone density. For example, persons with osteoporosis experience a significant decrease in bone density.

What are the symptoms of metabolic bone disease?

Typical symptoms of metabolic bone disease include:

  • Limping.
  • Bowed legs.
  • Hard lumps along the legs, spinal column, or jaw.
  • Softening and unusual flexibility of the lower jaw.
  • Difficulty raising the body off the ground.
  • Decreased appetite.

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Can metabolic bone disease be cured?

Treatment and Prognosis

Fortunately, if detected early enough, MBD can often be corrected and reversed through making changes and improvements to the husbandry of the animal by providing the needed or adequate levels of UV-A and UV-B lighting and heating, proper supplementation, and other nutrients.

How do I know if my chameleon has MBD?

MBD can be identified by a chameleon having bowed elbows, curved spine, improperly working jaw, or the inability to hold itself up. Anything that requires a strong bone for structure will be difficult to impossible for the chameleon to accomplish.

Why is my tortoise not eating?

Stomatitis: Another reason linked with hibernation as to why tortoises fail to eat is a mouth infection, known as stomatitis. … Temperature: One of the most common reasons for pet tortoises losing their appetite is that their surroundings are too cold.

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How do I stop my chameleon from getting MBD?

Non-existing calcium cannot be integrated into the bones. This is way keepers supplement chameleons in captivity, which means you give calcium and vitamin D3 as a powder over the feeders. By supplementation and sufficient UV-B, you reach the highest safety to protect your chameleon from metabolic bone disease.

Can gecko recover from MBD?

However, there is often some bone remodeling that occurs as the lizard regains use of the limbs. This may take quite some time to occur. Once an animal has recovered from MBD and its diet and husbandry have been appropriately corrected, it should be able to completely recover and live a long, healthy life.

How do I treat my bearded dragons MBD at home?

Metabolic bone disease usually requires immediate oral calcium supplementation, rehydration with fluids, nutritional support, treatment with injectable vitamin D3, and injections of calcitonin (a drug which helps re-deposit calcium back into bearded dragons’ bones).

Can you rebuild bone density?

While you can never regain the bone density you had in your youth, you can help prevent rapidly thinning bones, even after your diagnosis.

What is the best doctor to see for osteoporosis?

A variety of medical specialists treat people with osteoporosis, including internists, gynecologists, family doctors, endocrinologists, rheumatologists, physiatrists, orthopaedists, and geriatricians.

Is metabolic bone disease genetic?

Many metabolic bone diseases have a genetic basis, which may be a germline single gene abnormality (i.e. a monogenic or Mendelian disorder), a somatic single gene defect (i.e. a post‐zygotic mosaic disorder), or involve several genetic variants (i.e. oligogenic or polygenic disorders).

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