Conclusions: Women with low BMI are at increased risk of osteoporosis. The change in risk associated with a 1 unit change in BMI ( approximately 5-8 lb) is of greater magnitude than most other modifiable risk factors. To help reduce the risk of osteoporosis, patients should be advised to maintain a normal weight.
Why does low BMI cause osteoporosis?
Low BMI increases fracture risk, possibly because low BMI is associated with low bone mineral density (BMD), less soft tissue, and muscle weakness; however, the relationship between high BMI and fracture risk is complex.
Is being underweight a risk factor for osteoporosis?
Being underweight increases the chance of bone loss and fractures. Excess weight is now known to increase the risk of fractures in your arm and wrist. As such, maintaining an appropriate body weight is good for bones just as it is for health in general.
What are considered risk factors for osteoporosis?
Factors that will increase the risk of developing osteoporosis are:
- Female gender, Caucasian or Asian race, thin and small body frames, and a family history of osteoporosis. …
- Cigarette smoking, excessive alcohol and caffeine consumption, lack of exercise, and a diet low in calcium.
- Poor nutrition and poor general health.
Does BMI consider bone density?
BMI (body mass index), which is based on the height and weight of a person, is an inaccurate measure of body fat content and does not take into account muscle mass, bone density, overall body composition, and racial and sex differences, say researchers from the Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania.
What BMI is normal?
How is BMI interpreted for adults?
|18.5 – 24.9||Normal or Healthy Weight|
|25.0 – 29.9||Overweight|
|30.0 and Above||Obese|
How does obesity cause osteoporosis?
Obesity may be a risk factor for the frail bone disease osteoporosis, a study suggests. US researchers have discovered that some people who are overweight have hidden fat inside their bones that could make them weak and prone to fractures.
What foods are bad for osteoporosis?
Foods to limit or avoid
- High-salt foods. Excess salt consumption can cause your body to release calcium, which is harmful to your bones. …
- Alcohol. While a moderate amount of alcohol is considered safe for those with osteoporosis, excess alcohol can lead to bone loss. …
- Beans/legumes. …
- Wheat bran. …
- Excess vitamin A. …
What happens if osteoporosis is left untreated?
Osteoporosis that is not treated can lead to serious bone breaks (fractures), especially in the hip and spine. One in three women is likely to have a fracture caused by osteoporosis in her lifetime. Hip fractures can cause serious pain and disability and require surgery.
What organs are affected by osteoporosis?
Osteoporosis is a condition that affects bones, making them less dense, more fragile and prone to fractures.
Osteoporosis and fractures
- the thigh bone (femur) at the hip;
- the vertebrae of the spine; and.
- the wrist.
What 3 bones are most affected by osteoporosis?
People with osteoporosis are at a high risk of fractures, or bone breaks, while doing routine activities such as standing or walking. The most commonly affected bones are the ribs, hips, and the bones in the wrists and spine.
What are five risk factors for osteoporosis?
Factors that increase the risk for osteoporosis in both men and women include:
- Having a family history of osteoporosis. …
- Lifestyle factors. …
- Having certain medical conditions. …
- Taking certain medicines. …
- Having certain surgeries, such as having your ovaries removed before menopause.
What is the best and safest osteoporosis medication?
Bisphosphonates are usually the first choice for osteoporosis treatment. These include: Alendronate (Fosamax), a weekly pill. Risedronate (Actonel), a weekly or monthly pill.
How accurate is BMI if you are muscular?
A glob of muscle weighs about 18 percent more than the same size glob of fat. So, according to the BMI, the sprinter is more overweight than the sedentary person. But as I said earlier, a glob of muscle weighs about 18 percent more than the same size glob of fat, so this is clearly not an accurate statement.
What is the normal T score for bone density?
A normal T-score falls between +1 and -1. Scores between -1 and -2.5 indicate low bone density, also called osteopenia. A T-score of -2.5 or lower indicates an established case of osteoporosis.
What should I use instead of BMI?
Better than BMI: 4 ways to track your health besides the scale
- Waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) The cousin of the BMI, waist-to-height ratio compares — you guessed it — waist circumference to height, rather than overall weight to height squared. …
- Measurements. …
- Resting heart rate (RHR) …
- Skinfold Calipers.
21 июл. 2014 г.