Metabolic Water. Water that is produced in the body mainly when electrons are accepted by oxygen during aerobic cellular respiration.
What is meant by the term metabolic water?
Metabolic water refers to water created inside a living organism through their metabolism, by oxidizing energy-containing substances in their food. Animal metabolism produces about 110 grams of water per 100 grams of fat, 42 grams of water per 100 g of protein and 60 grams of water per 100 g of carbohydrate.
What is meant by the term metabolic water quizlet?
metabolic water refers to water. formed from oxidation of nutrients in the cells. the kidneys must excrete water in urine because. water provides the vehicle for excretion of waste products.
What is metabolism quizlet?
Define metabolism. Metabolism refers to the chemical reactions in the body that build and breakdown molecules. Describe an example of metabolism. Cells need energy to function. If a person is eating something that has sugar, the sugar molecules get broken down into simpler molecules and that releases energy.
What percentage of body water is metabolic water?
Based on slopes and modeling calculations, the percentage of metabolic water has been determined to vary between 7% and 56% among different mammal species (7, 8, 30–34).
What is meant by the term metabolic?
Metabolic: Relating to metabolism, the whole range of biochemical processes that occur within us (or any living organism). … The term “metabolic” is often used to refer specifically to the breakdown of food and its transformation into energy.
Which metabolic process produces water?
Quick Reference. Water released into the tissues during the metabolism of foodstuffs. For example, during cellular respiration water is a by-product of the oxidation of carbohydrate and free fatty acids. In addition, water chemically bound to glycogen is released when glycogen is oxidized.
Which is the most abundant cation in the ICF?
The most abundant cation (or positively charged ion) in the intracellular fluid (ICF) is potassium (K+). The most abundant anion (or negatively charged ion) of the ICF is hydrogen phosphate (HPO4 -).
Which of the following is an example of extrinsic regulation?
Which of the following is an example of extrinsic regulation? * Blood vessels release chemicals to increase platelet aggregation. * The brain maintains its own blood pressure by controlling the diameter of its blood vessels. * Tissues release chemicals to increase blood flow to their cells.
What would be the effect on the osmotic concentration of blood plasma if you were in the desert without water for a day?
What would be the effect on the osmotic concentration of blood plasma if you were in the desert without water for a day? The osmotic concentration of your plasma would increase because of water leaving your body. … Water and electrolyte content in the body is a balance between intake and losses.
What is metabolism activity?
Metabolism is a balancing act involving two kinds of activities that go on at the same time: building up body tissues and energy stores (called anabolism) breaking down body tissues and energy stores to get more fuel for body functions (called catabolism)
What type of metabolic pathway requires oxygen?
This pathway requires oxygen to produce ATP, because carbohydrates and fats are only burned in the presence of oxygen. This pathway occurs in the mitochondria of the cell and is used for activities requiring sustained energy production.
What is metabolism determined by?
Your metabolic rate is influenced by many factors – including age, gender, muscle-to-fat ratio, amount of physical activity and hormone function.
Do humans produce metabolic water?
The volume of metabolic water generated per day in humans, and by inference in dogs and cats, is relatively small compared with the total daily water intake. Metabolic water is difficult to quantitate in the clinical setting, and many studies ignore its contribution to water homeostasis.
Why is water important for metabolic reactions?
Water’s ability to dissolve most biologically significant compounds—from inorganic salts to large organic molecules—makes it a vital solvent inside organisms and cells. Water is an essential part of most metabolic processes within organisms.
How is metabolic water calculated?
W = K(0n1832 +0-4680R)/(3-840 + 1-195R). For a given R.Q. the error introduced into the estimate of total metabolic water by ignoring the protein correction is about 0-23% for each 1% of total energy derived from protein.